Natural dye; Way far away from the chemical route!
Natural dye; also known as vegetable dyes.
Natural dye is the change needed by us, to create an environment that is not exposed to chemicals created by the fashion industry.
Dyes are used from centuries to date for imparting colours to the fabrics are formed in two ways, one is through nature and the other through chemicals; that is the natural and chemical dyes.
Natural dye is the way of giving back to nature that it beautifully possesses and chemical dye at the same time is causing harm to the environment.
It’s known that the synthetic dye contains 72 chemicals individually, from which 30 cannot be removed, some of these chemicals are mercury, lead, chromium, copper, sodium chloride and benzene, as explained by ‘SCIRP’ in
These dye restricts the toxin release from the body; the release that is the most crucial step taken every day by our body to keep it healthy.
We are exposed to more chemicals with the increase in growth of the fashion industry and the shoppers, products created through the chemical process are causing more harm to the only habitable planet and all other living creatures.
During this chemical process, a large amount of colour does not bind to the fabric, hence releasing approximately 10-15% of coloured water into the environment. One of the major example for this situation is the 2011 case happened in North China when the Jian River turned red due to the dyes dumped from the local chemical plant.
Dying for fashion
Clothing comes into prolonged contact with one’s skin, the largest organ, and so toxic chemicals are often absorbed into the skin, especially when one’s body is warm and skin pores have opened to allow perspiration.
This absorption has been shown to cause significant health effects, such as an increase in tumors. They have been shown to have carcinogens, as they are made with many chemicals. Textile dyes can also cause allergies such as contact dermatitis and respiratory diseases, allergic reaction in eyes, skin irritation, and irritation to mucous membrane and the upper respiratory tract.These diseases are most prevalent in the workers who are dyeing the clothes as they are around the chemicals all day. These workers are literally dying for fashion.
As explained in the article by Trusted Clothes named ‘Impact of Dyes’.
IMPACT OF CHEMICAL DYES ON ENVIRONMENT & REMEDIATION
- Textile Industry: • Till the midst of nineteenth century all the dyes used for textile products were procured naturally The textile industry is accountable for using and producing 1.3 million tons of dyes and pigments, most of which are made synthetically.The textile industry is one of the largest sectors globally and produces an astonishing 60 billion kilograms of fabric annually, using up to 9 trillion gallons of water.
- ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Air pollution – Most processes performed in textile mills produce atmospheric emissions. Gaseous emissions have been identified as the second greatest pollution problem (after effluent quality) for the textile industry. Speculation concerning the amounts and types of air pollutants emitted from textile operations has been widespread but, generally, air emission data for textile manufacturing operations are not readily available.
- Water Pollution – The wastewater from textile plants is classified as the most polluting of all the industrial sectors, considering the volume generated as well as the effluent composition In addition, the increased demand for textile products and the proportional increase in their production, and the use of synthetic dyes have together contributed to dye wastewater becoming one of the substantial sources of severe pollution problems in current times. Dyes can remain in the environment for an extended period of time, because of high thermal and photo stability to resist bio degradation.
HARMFUL EFFECTS OF DYES
- Dyes absorb and reflect sunlight in water. This diminishes photosynthetic activity of algae and seriously influences the food chain.
- Many dyes and their breakdown products are carcinogenic, mutagenic and/or toxic to life.
- Triple primary cancers involving skin, kidney, urinary bladder and liver of dye workers have been reported. Textile dyes can cause allergies such as contact dermatitis and respiratory diseases, allergic reaction in eyes, skin irritation, and irritation to mucous membrane and the upper respiratory tract.
- Certain reactive dyes causes respiratory sensitization of workers who are occupationally exposed to them.
- The presence of very small amounts of dyes in the water, seriously affects the quality and transparency of water bodies such as lakes, rivers and others, damages the aquatic environment.
- The highly toxic and mutagenic dyes decrease light penetration and photosynthetic activity, causing oxygen deficiency and limiting downstream beneficial uses such as recreation, drinking water and irrigation.
- Azo dyes have toxic effects, especially carcinogenic and mutagenic. They enter the body by ingestion and are metabolized by intestinal microorganisms causing DNA damage.
Featured by ‘International Business Times’: China’s River of blood
Natural dye when created does not extract any harmful emissions to the environment, it reflects the essence of nature in our clothing without causing it any harm. Due to the non-chemical ingredients used, natural dyeing helps the makers to be in good working conditions, without letting them be exposed to any harmful atmosphere. It doesn’t just limit to the makers but also to the wearers, buyers and the complete supply chain involved, along with quality enchantment the naturally dyed products also contain medicinal properties, to protect us from various causes.